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As a leading Libyan law firm, our Libyan lawyers and experts examine the application of Libyan law in a number of industries and practices, including oil & gas, maritime & shipping, construction and commercial law.

We also examine the laws of other jurisdictions in the Middle East and North Africa, including the laws of the United Arab Emirates within the health care and maritime industry.

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Renewable Energy in Libya: the Need for a Legal Framework

Renewable Energy in Libya: the Need for a Legal Framework A comprehensive renewable energy legal framework for Libya will assist with utilizing renewable energy sources to produce power in an efficient and environmentally sustainable manner.  Libya has abundant renewable energy sources such as solar and wind.   There are other available renewable sources in Libya, such as… Read More

Investing in Renewable Energy in Libya

Investing in Renewable Energy in Libya Libya is an oil-producing country relying mainly on oil and gas as the principal energy source and income.  It is in dire need of searching for alternatives to fossil fuels for sustainable development.  Renewable energy in Libya is as abundant as fossil fuel energy. As an option, Libya can… Read More

Politics of the Libyan Oil Industry: The Latest Brawl

Politics of the Libyan Oil Industry: The Latest Brawl Since the revolution of 2011, the Libyan oil industry has been politicized and has faced various challenges. It has witnessed a chain of setbacks that started with armed militias controlling the oil ports and halting oil exports.  In addition to the armed struggle over the oil… Read More

judge signing on the papers

Possessory Lien under Libyan Civil law

A possessory lien under Libyan law is created by contractual agreement.  It permits a creditor the right to remain in possession of an encumbered item, movable or immovable until the debtor has satisfied the debt. Therefore, a lien is a legal claim that one person, the creditor or the pledgee, has over the property of another, the debtor or… Read More

Tort under Libyan Civil Law: Understanding the “Fault” Factor

Tort under Libyan Civil Law: Understanding the “Fault” Factor In civil law countries such as Libya, a tort is an act or omission that causes harm to others for which courts impose liability. The compensation is based on injury to other’s physical safety, property, economic interests, or reputation. Here we discuss Tort under Libyan Civil… Read More

Contribution to the World Bank’s “Doing Business 2021” Publication

Dr. Mohamed Karbal contributed for the second time to the World Bank Group’s flagship annual publication “Doing Business 2021.” Doing Business publication is a comparative law study that measures regulations that enhanced business activity using quantitative indicators for 190 economies. More on the “Doing Business” publication can be found here. Check Also: Awarding Lost Profits… Read More

Awarding Lost Profits in International Investment Disputes

Awarding Lost Profits in International Investment Disputes Dr. Mohamed Karbal is licensed to practice law in Libya, New York, and Washington D.C. and served as an expert witness on Libyan law for Tekfen-TML Joint Venture v. Man-made River. Karbal & Co is a full-service international law firm that serves the needs of businesses and governments… Read More

international law firms Tripoli Libya

Identifying Government Entities Under Libyan Administrative Law

Identifying Government Entities Under Libyan Administrative Law After the fall of Gaddafi’s regime, foreign companies which had performed works in Libya rushed to the international tribunals seeking compensation.  Since the counterparty in agreements for public procurements in Libya is a public entity established by the Libyan government, foreign companies file their claims against both the… Read More

Rebalancing Administrative Contracts under Libyan Law

by Dr. Mohamed Karbal Dr. Mohamed Karbal is licensed to practice law in Libya, New York and Washington D.C. and served as an expert witness on Libyan law for Tekfen-TML Joint Venture v. Man-made River. Rebalancing Administrative Libyan Law is explained in details here. We are offering our services as a Legal Consultation and if… Read More

GCC UAVAT: The UAE to implement VAT in 2018 What we know so far

GCC UAVAT: The UAE to implement VAT in 2018 What we know so far By Karbal & Co, Legal Consultants Last updated: 27 April 2017 With the Gulf nations aiming to diversify their economies through the implementation of a VAT in 2018, what can we expect? In recent years, the Gulf States have sought measures… Read More

Structuring Islamic finance transactions in the Shipping Industry of the UAE

Structuring Islamic finance transactions in the Shipping Industry of the UAE By Nabilah Karbal, specialist in Islamic Finance and Associate at Maritime law firm Karbal & Co in Dubai, United Arab Emirates. Islamic finance is a branch of finance that raises capital and provides financial services in compliance with Islamic rules and principles. Islamic finance… Read More

Liability For Collisions Under UAE Maritime Law Explanation

Liability For Collisions Under UAE Maritime Law Explanation Hosting one of the world’s largest ports, Dubai has rapidly expanded to become a leading maritime hub. As an expected consequence of the growth of Dubai’s maritime industry, the number of marine accidents has steadily increased over the past few years, as Dubai Port police have reported… Read More

UAE Commercial Companies Law and legal reforms

UAE Commercial Companies Law and legal reforms By Nabilah Karbal, Associate at Karbal & Co’s Dubai Office.  Introduction Federal Law No. 2 of 2015 “The New Commercial Companies law” (CCL), which came into force on July 1, 2015, replacing the Federal Law No. 8 of 1984. The purpose of the new legislation was to bringing… Read More

The Authority of an Expert Opinion in Medical Malpractice Litigation

The Authority of an Expert Opinion in Medical Malpractice Litigation The Authority of an Expert Opinion in Medical Malpractice Litigation: Expert opinions in litigation aim to shed light on a matter presented in a case and assist the court in its understanding the matter presented by applying knowledge of a specific study to the facts… Read More

Liability of a Freight-Forwarder before the Dubai Courts

Liability of a Freight-Forwarder before the Dubai Courts There has been a debate in many countries on the degree of liability of the carrier and a freight forwarder on the issue of cargo claims; is a freight forwarder a principal or an agent?  The debate indicates that a freight forwarder’s legal status in the shipping… Read More

Liability for collisions under Libyan Maritime Law Libya

Liability for collisions under Libyan Maritime Law Libya It is a known fact that the Libyan people are still struggling to establish a strong central government in order to fulfill the hopes and aspirations that inspired the revolution of February 17, 2011. At present, there are two parliaments and two governments claiming to be the… Read More

The Arrest of Ships in Accordance with Libyan Law

The Arrest of Ships in Accordance with Libyan Law Dr. Mohamed Karbal is a New York lawyer and founder of Karbal & Co, a full-service international law firm that serves the needs of businesses and governments in Libya and the United Arab Emirates. Libyan SeaportsDespite the current security problems, the Libyan government due to its… Read More

Libyan Investment Law: Political developments and Economic Policies

Libyan Investment Law: It has been proven that political development is a prerequisite for economic development. In other words, to stabilize a national economy, economic growth must be accompanied by political maturity. Political maturity in turn will attract external capital which will stimulate the country’s development. The Soviet Union in the later stages of its… Read More

Libya’s New Financial Regulatory Agency: Can it Boost Trading in Libyan

By Dr. Mohamed Karbal, Managing Partner at KARBAL & CO, and Nabilah Karbal, Associate at KARBAL & CO  Libya’s New Financial Regulatory Agency: Libya’s aim to diversify its economic activity by strengthening its financial sector and encouraging investments may prove a success, as the creation of a new financial regulatory agency may restore investor confidence… Read More

Libyan Construction Law: Contractor Liabilities Libyan

Libyan Construction Law: Prior to the upheaval of the February 2011 revolution, Libya was already contending with various economic problems. Forty years of the Gaddafi regime’s irrational strategic planning and an apathetic mindset left Libya among the least developed countries. Hospitals taking 30 years for completion was common practice. Presently, the Libyan deteriorated infrastructure is… Read More


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