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Articles

As a leading Libyan law firm, our Libyan lawyers and experts examine the application of Libyan law in a number of industries and practices, including oil & gas, maritime & shipping, construction and commercial law.

We also examine the laws of other jurisdictions in the Middle East and North Africa, including the laws of the United Arab Emirates within the health care and maritime industry.

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Possessory Lien under Libyan Civil law

A possessory lien under Libyan law is created by contractual agreement. It permits a creditor the right to remain in possession of an encumbered thing, movable or immovable, until the debtor has satisfied the debt. Therefore, a lien is a legal claim that one person, the creditor or the pledgee, has over the property of… Read More

Tort under Libyan Civil Law: Understanding the “Fault” Factor

In civil law countries such as Libya, a tort is an act or omission that causes harm to others for which courts impose liability. The compensation is based on injury to other’s physical safety, property, economic interests, or reputation. Here we discuss Tort under Libyan Civil Law and understand its factors. Article 166 of the… Read More

Contribution to the World Bank’s “Doing Business 2021” publication

Dr. Mohamed Karbal contributed for the second time to the World Bank Group’s flagship annual publication “Doing Business 2021.” Doing Business publication is a comparative law study that measures regulations that enhanced business activity using quantitative indicators for 190 economies. More on the “Doing Business” publication can be found here. Check Also: Awarding Lost Profits… Read More

Awarding Lost Profits in International Investment Disputes:Libyan Law Firm

Libyan Law Firm: Awarding Lost Profits in International Investment Disputes Dr. Mohamed Karbal is licensed to practice law in Libya, New York, and Washington D.C. and served as an expert witness on Libyan law for Tekfen-TML Joint Venture v. Man-made River. Karbal & Co is a full-service international law firm that serves the needs of… Read More

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Identifying Government Entities Under Libyan Administrative Law

Dr. Mohamed Karbal is licensed to practice law in Libya, New York, and Washington D.C. and served as an expert witness on Libyan law for Tekfen-TML Joint Venture v. Man-made River. Karbal & Co is a full-service international Administrative law firm that serves the needs of businesses and governments in Libya,  Washington D.C., and Turkey…. Read More

Rebalancing Administrative Contracts under Libyan Law

by Dr. Mohamed Karbal Dr. Mohamed Karbal is licensed to practice law in Libya, New York and Washington D.C. and served as an expert witness on Libyan law for Tekfen-TML Joint Venture v. Man-made River. Rebalancing Administrative Libyan Law is explained in details here. We are offering our services as a Legal Consultation and if… Read More

GCC UAVAT: The UAE to implement VAT in 2018 What we know so far

GCC UAVAT: The UAE to implement VAT in 2018 What we know so far By Karbal & Co, Legal Consultants Last updated: 27 April 2017 With the Gulf nations aiming to diversify their economies through the implementation of a VAT in 2018, what can we expect? In recent years, the Gulf States have sought measures… Read More

Structuring Islamic finance transactions in the Shipping Industry of the UAE

Structuring Islamic finance transactions in the Shipping Industry of the UAE By Nabilah Karbal, specialist in Islamic Finance and Associate at Maritime law firm Karbal & Co in Dubai, United Arab Emirates. Islamic finance is a branch of finance that raises capital and provides financial services in compliance with Islamic rules and principles. Islamic finance… Read More

Liability For Collisions Under UAE Maritime Law Explanation

Liability For Collisions Under UAE Maritime Law Explanation Hosting one of the world’s largest ports, Dubai has rapidly expanded to become a leading maritime hub. As an expected consequence of the growth of Dubai’s maritime industry, the number of marine accidents has steadily increased over the past few years, as Dubai Port police have reported… Read More

UAE Commercial Companies Law and legal reforms

UAE Commercial Companies Law and legal reforms By Nabilah Karbal, Associate at Karbal & Co’s Dubai Office.  Introduction Federal Law No. 2 of 2015 “The New Commercial Companies law” (CCL), which came into force on July 1, 2015, replacing the Federal Law No. 8 of 1984. The purpose of the new legislation was to bringing… Read More

The Authority of an Expert Opinion in Medical Malpractice Litigation

The Authority of an Expert Opinion in Medical Malpractice Litigation The Authority of an Expert Opinion in Medical Malpractice Litigation: Expert opinions in litigation aim to shed light on a matter presented in a case and assist the court in its understanding the matter presented by applying knowledge of a specific study to the facts… Read More

Liability of a Freight-Forwarder before the Dubai Courts

Liability of a Freight-Forwarder before the Dubai Courts There has been a debate in many countries on the degree of liability of the carrier and a freight forwarder on the issue of cargo claims; is a freight forwarder a principal or an agent?  The debate indicates that a freight forwarder’s legal status in the shipping… Read More

Liability for collisions under Libyan Maritime Law Libya

Liability for collisions under Libyan Maritime Law Libya It is a known fact that the Libyan people are still struggling to establish a strong central government in order to fulfill the hopes and aspirations that inspired the revolution of February 17, 2011. At present, there are two parliaments and two governments claiming to be the… Read More

The Arrest of Ships in Accordance with Libyan Law

The Arrest of Ships in Accordance with Libyan Law Dr. Mohamed Karbal is a New York lawyer and founder of Karbal & Co, a full-service international law firm that serves the needs of businesses and governments in Libya and the United Arab Emirates. Libyan SeaportsDespite the current security problems, the Libyan government due to its… Read More

Libyan Investment Law: Political developments and Economic Policies

Libyan Investment Law: It has been proven that political development is a prerequisite for economic development. In other words, to stabilize a national economy, economic growth must be accompanied by political maturity. Political maturity in turn will attract external capital which will stimulate the country’s development. The Soviet Union in the later stages of its… Read More

Libya’s New Financial Regulatory Agency: Can it Boost Trading in Libyan

By Dr. Mohamed Karbal, Managing Partner at KARBAL & CO, and Nabilah Karbal, Associate at KARBAL & CO  Libya’s New Financial Regulatory Agency: Libya’s aim to diversify its economic activity by strengthening its financial sector and encouraging investments may prove a success, as the creation of a new financial regulatory agency may restore investor confidence… Read More

Libyan Construction Law: Contractor Liabilities Libyan

Libyan Construction Law: Prior to the upheaval of the February 2011 revolution, Libya was already contending with various economic problems. Forty years of the Gaddafi regime’s irrational strategic planning and an apathetic mindset left Libya among the least developed countries. Hospitals taking 30 years for completion was common practice. Presently, the Libyan deteriorated infrastructure is… Read More

Dubai Health insurance: New Mandatory Law Dubai

New Mandatory Health Insurance Law in Dubai A Brief summary  Dubai Health insurance: Starting in January 1, 2014, Dubai’s new mandatory health insurance went into effect. Inspired by legislation in Saudi Arabia, Qatar, and Abu Dhabi, Dubai enacted Law No. 11 of 2013, which set to create a consolidated health care system for the entire… Read More

Force Majeure under Libyan Law: Foreign Contractors Resorting to Force

Foreign Contractors Resorting to Force Majeure under Libyan Law By Dr. Mohamed Karbal After decades of oppression and injustice, the Libyans, after many attempts, were finally successful in their eradication of the Gaddafi regime. Peaceful demonstrations initiated by the Libyan people morphed into armed conflict due to the irresponsible and brutal acts of the regime…. Read More

Libyan Oil Contracts: Negotiating the Future Generation of EPSA

Libyan Oil Contracts: Negotiating the Future Generation of EPSA By Dr. Mohamed Karbal, Managing Partner at Karbal & Co. Libyan Oil Contracts: Libya Prior to the Discovery of Oil Libyan Oil Contracts: During the twentieth century, Libya enjoyed only nineteen years of peace. Of only eight of the nineteen years, Libya enjoyed the peace and… Read More


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